Languages: Thai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Ethnicity: Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
Religions: Buddhist 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000)
Literacy rate: 96% (2003 est.)
Ruler: King Bhumibol Adulyadej (1946)
Prime Minister: Yingluck Shinawatra (2011)
Capital and largest city: Bangkok
Currency: baht
Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $602.2 billion; per capita $9,400. Real growth rate: 0.1%. Inflation: 3.8%. Unemployment: 0.7%. Arable land: 27.54%. Agriculture: rice, cassava (tapioca), rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans. Labor force: 38.9 million; agriculture 40.7% industry 13.2%, services 46.1% (2011 est.). Industries: tourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer. Natural resources: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land. Exports: $219.1 billion (2011 est.): textiles and footwear, fishery products, rice, rubber, jewelry, automobiles, computers and electrical appliances. Imports: $202.1 billion (2011 est.): capital goods, intermediate goods and raw materials, consumer goods, fuels. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, China, Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, South Korea, Indonesia, UAE (2011).


Telephones: main lines in use: 6.72 million (2011); mobile cellular: 78.668 million (2011). Broadcast media: 6 terrestrial TV stations in Bangkok broadcast nationally via relay stations - 2 of the networks are owned by the military, the other 4 are government-owned or controlled, leased to private enterprise, and are all required to broadcast government-produced news programs twice a day; multi-channel satellite and cable TV subscription services are available; radio frequencies have been allotted for more than 500 government and commercial radio stations; many small community radio stations operate with low-power transmitters (2008). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3.399 million (2012). Internet users: 17.483 million (2009).


Railways: total: 4,071 km (2008). Highways: total: 180,053 km (2006 est.). Waterways: 4,000 km principal waterways; 3,701 km with navigable depths of 0.9 m or more throughout the year; numerous minor waterways navigable by shallow-draft native craft. Ports and harbors: Bangkok, Laem Chabang, Pattani, Phuket, Sattahip, Si Racha, Songkhla. Airports: 103 (2012).


Thailand occupies the western half of the Indochinese peninsula and the northern two-thirds of the Malay Peninsula in southeast Asia. Its neighbors are Burma (Myanmar) on the north and west, Laos on the north and northeast, Cambodia on the east, and Malaysia on the south. Thailand is about the size of France.


Constitutional monarchy.