Singapore

Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000)
Ethnicity: Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000)
Religions: Buddhist 43%, Islam 15%, Taoist 9%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 5%, other Christian 10%, none 15% (2000)
Literacy rate: 93% (2003 est.)
President: Tony Tan Keng Yam (2011)
Prime Minister: Lee Hsien Loong (2004)
Capital and largest city: Singapore
Currency: Singapore dollar
Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $318.9 billion; per capita $60,500. Real growth rate: 4.9%. Inflation: 5.2%. Unemployment: 2% (2011). Arable land: 1.47%. Agriculture: rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish. Labor force: 3.075 million (2010 est.); agriculture .1%; industry 30.2%; services 69.7 (2010). Industries: electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepôt trade. Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports. Exports: $414.8 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs. Imports: $366.3 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., Malaysia, Hong Kong, China, Japan, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan (2010).

Communications

Telephones: main lines in use: 1.984 million (2010); mobile cellular: 7.307 million (2010). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 18 (2008). Television broadcast stations: 8 (2008). Televisions: 1.33 million (1997). Internet Hosts: 1.932 million (2010). Internet users: 3.235 million (2009).

Transportation

Railways: total: 38.6 km. Highways: total: 3,356 km; paved: 3,356 km (including 161 km of expressways). Ports and harbors: Singapore. Airports: 9 (2012).

Geography

The Republic of Singapore consists of the main island of Singapore, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean, and 58 nearby islands.

Government

Parliamentary republic.