Cambodia

National Name: Preahreacheanacha Kampuchea
Languages: Khmer 95% (official), French, English
Capital and Largest City: Phnom Penh
Currency: Riel
National Holiday: Independence Day, November 9
Literacy rate: 73.6%
Ethnicity: Khmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Religions: Theravada Buddhist 95%, others 5%
King: Norodom Sihamoni
Prime Minister: Hun Sen

Economic summary

GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $32.95 billion; per capita $2,300. Real growth rate: —6.7%. Inflation: 6%. Unemployment: 3.5% (2011 est.). Arable land: 21%. Agriculture: rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews, tapioca. Labor force: 8.8 million (2012 est.); agriculture 75% (2004 est.). Industries: tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles. Natural resources: oil and gas, timber, gemstones, some iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential. Exports: $5.35 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): clothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear. Imports: $6.963 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): petroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products. Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, UK, Vietnam, Canada, Thailand, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Taiwan (2004).

Communications

Telephones: main lines in use: 359,800 (2011); mobile cellular: 8.151 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 17, (2003). Television broadcast stations: 9 (2006). Internet hosts: 13,768 (2011). Internet users: 78,500 (2011).

Transportation

Railways: total: 690 km (2011). Highways: total: 38,093 km; (2011). Waterways: 2,400 km (mainly on Mekong River) (2004). Ports and harbors: Phnom Penh. Airports: 17 (2011 est.).

Geography

Situated on the Indochinese peninsula, Cambodia is bordered by Thailand and Laos on the north and Vietnam on the east and south. The Gulf of Thailand is off the western coast. The size of Missouri, the country consists chiefly of a large alluvial plain ringed by mountains with the Mekong River to the east. The plain is centered around Lake Tonle Sap, which is a natural storage basin of the Mekong.

Government

Multiparty liberal democracy under a constitutional monarchy.